Silicone rubber is recognized for being inherently biocompatible with human tissues, resistant to bacteria, and it does not degrade in the presence of fluids like blood, saliva, and others. This material is used more and more in medical applications, but increasingly strict requirements make it necessary to modify the silicone in order to use it. Additives are a common option for increasing mechanical and physical properties, but silicone can also be combined with other materials such as thermoplastics, thermosets, thermoplastic elastomers, ceramics, and metals to comply with application requests. In the industrial processing of materials, the challenge is always to create high-performance products in the shortest time with the least amount of the components. There are two options for that: (i) select the best material that fits with all the requirements of the final application; in some cases, this can be almost impossible since it is common that application requests are opposing, for example, rigid in one area but flexible in another area of the part. There is also option (ii): design a single part made with multiple materials that fulfill the application requirements, which is manufactured using co-injection or over-molding, otherwise called two-shot or multi-shot injection molding; this process offers extended functionality, better appearance, and high quality of the product. In this special process, critical variables include mold temperature, shrinkage, and deformation of the second injected material, and they must be analyzed carefully because the right choice will determine the success of the product.
Choosing the best materials for new medical devices and disposables along with an experienced technology partner such as SIMTEC Silicone Parts, is critical for the success of your program. From biocompatibility to cost, multiple factors play into the final decision. Innovative companies are selecting more and more Liquid Silicone Rubber (LSR) components for their medical devices.